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What is Android Operating System? How does it Work?

What is Android Operating System?


In this era, everyone has a mobile phone and is aware of all its features. Smartphones have been taken all over the world as touchscreen phones with a range of technologies that help a user with problem-solving issues and allow multitasking. Whenever we hear the term smartphone two different operating systems come to our minds. One is the Android operating system by Google and the other is the iOS as iPhone operating system by Apple. These two operating systems are ruling the world in the Mobile phone technology department. Today we will discuss the world’s largest mobile operating system, Android powered by Google.

Introduction to Android


Android is a Linux-based mobile operating system that is specifically used for smartphones and tablets. It is concerned with touchscreen devices like mobile phones and tablets. Android has been developed by Google. Now the company also features android in televisions, cars, and wristwatches with its unique interface. It is the world’s most popular operating system which shares the market of mobile operating systems with 69.74% as of January 2022 whereas the Apple operating system is the second largest operating system in the world with 29.49% of market stats.

Google Play is a strong component of the android operating system, including the Google play store, Gmail, and Youtube. Google play store has almost 3.84 million apps which have different categories like play store movies and TV, Google play books for knowledge and education, Different gaming apps for games and sports, security apps for privacy and safety, and much more. Users can find apps related to anything on the Google play store. Stats showed that almost 82 billion apps were downloaded in 2016 by the Google store. This shows how great services are being provided by the
Google play store.

Development Stages of Android


Android was invented by Andy Robin, Nick Sears, and Rich Miner in 2007 and since its birth, it is continuously in the stage of development. It is progressing day by day with different updates and changes. There are different versions of android have been introduced verily.

Android version 1.0 to 1.1, was the early days of android, after its public debut in 2008it was introduced with basics like Gmail, Maps, Calendar, and Youtube. Android version 1.5 named Cupcake came in 2009 with this first on-screen keyboard, video recordings were introduced and some major changes were performed in the core structure. Version 1.6 (Donut) introduced in the fall of 2019, had a variety of screen sizes and resolutions and also support CDMA. Its version 2.0 to 2.1 called Éclair was released with mainstream consciousness, a massive Verizon-led market campaign. Version 2.2 (Froyo) had performance improvements, front-facing features, now standard dock at the bottom of the screen, and interaction of Voice actions. 3.0 to 3.2 (Honeycomb) released with UI for android and space-like holographic.

Android version 4.0 (ice cream sandwich) was introduced with core system changes like on-screen buttons and a card-like appearance for app switching. Android versions 4.1 to 4.3 (Jelly Bean) had an expanded voice search system with an advanced system for displaying search results. Android version 4.4 (Kitkat) was the first version of “OK, Google” support and hands-free activation prompt. Android version 5.0 and 5.1 (Lollipop) was released in 2014 with material design standards, a card-based concept, and notification through the lock screen. Android version 6.0 (Marshmallow) includes the feature Noe on fingerprint readers and USB-C. Android versions 7.0 and 7.1 (Nougat) had native split-screen mode, a data saver feature, and an Alt-tab-like shortcut. Android versions 8.0 and 8.1 (Oreo) were introduced with native picture-in-picture, notification snoozing option, and project treble. Android version 9 named (Pie) came in 2018 with a hybrid gesture, button navigation system, overview key, productivity features, digital well-being controls, and privacy and security enhancement. Android version 10 came along completely reimagined interface, important improvements, and an updated permissions system.

What are the features of Android?


  • Android is an amazing operating system that is most popular in the world and it has multiple features, some of which are discussed below.
  • Beautiful UI: Android has a very simple and best user interface and these features make it user-friendly and the best screen-using environment.
  • Media Support: Media support of the android operating system includes GSM/ EDGE, IDEN, CDMA, EV-DO, Bluetooth, WIFI, LTE, NFC, and WiMAX.
  • Connectivity: Android has exclusive support for connectivity such as WIFI, Bluetooth, Hotspots, 3G network bond, and 4G Network Bonds.
  • Resizable widgets: widgets are resizable, users can increase their sizes to show more content or decrease them to save space.
  • GCM: Google Cloud messaging is an incredible service for android users that allow them to send messages to another android device without proper sync- solution.
  • Storage: Storage is a lightweight relational database and it is used for multiple data storage purposes.
  • Libraries: There are a set of libraries in android and it is open-source includes, including Web-kit and library libc.
  • Android Beam: A popular NFC-based technology that let users instantly share by touching two NFC-enabled phones at the same time.



Android is a Linux-based open-source working framework, it tends to be created by anybody, Simple admittance to android applications, Its backings all Google administrations, The working framework
can educate you regarding other SMS and Emails or the most recent updates, It upholds Multitasking, Android telephone can likewise work as a switch to share the web, It’s allowed to redo, Its backing 2D and 3D designs, We can introduce Millions of applications, Reinforcement and reestablishing of applications can be conceivable, It upholds Third-party applications, Expansion and evacuation of undesirable elements, High work requests for Android engineers, Warnings can be shown obviously, Immense people group support, The data can be shared from one gadget to another, It is an Open source, and user can choose different versatile models, Add/Remove Unwanted, Inward memory is Expandable, it has cloud storage, It upholds large screens at a sensible cost, Foldable Android gadgets, Different applications can run simultaneously all these advantages of android makes it different from other operating systems.

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